Exist / extinct
The noun and verb froms of “extinct” are obsolete, no longer in common use, or, in a word, extinct.
Forms: Also ME extincte.
Etymology: < Latin ex(s)tinctus, past participle of ex(s)tinguĕre : see As used by Caxton and writers of the 16th cent. it may be regarded as past participle of
1. Extinguished (see senses of , ). Now rare.
?a1475 (▸?a1425) tr. R. Higden (Harl. 2261) (1865) I. 347 This duke Turgesius was perischede and extincte.
?a1475 (▸?a1425) tr. R. Higden (Harl. 2261) (1865) I. 219 That fyre was extincte.
1483 Caxton tr. J. de Voragine 176/4 The more they lyght them [candellys] the more were they extyncte.
1549 (STC 16267) Priuate Baptisme f. viii* Graunt that al sinne & vice here maie bee so extinct.
1598 S. Rowlands 30 They blind his sight, whose soules more blind Had quite extinct the light of grace.
a1613 E. Brerewood (1614) iv. 33 The Spanish and Pannonian tongues not extinct by the Romans.
1631 R. Byfield 99 It tooke fire..but was quickly extinct.
1734 E. Law 26 Take away the Things and their respective Order and Distance..may cease and be extinct.
1887 30 Dec. 13/2 As I uttered the last word of my manuscript, the lights were suddenly extinct.
II. As adjective. (In early use with distinctly participial sense; in modern use it usually denotes a state without reference to the action from which this results.)